What Is Microbial Disease & Effects In Human Body | Supplement Spy
Microbial Disease Chronic urethritis in men has been described and possibly may be responsible for the subclinical or occult infection, demonstrable by the culture of the bacillus from bone marrow. Papular skin lesions associated with disseminated listeriosis have been seen in infants, but adults may acquire the primary cutaneous infection after direct contact with infected animal tissues. The disease may arise by transplacental infection of the fetus, causing abortion, fetal death'; or serious illness within several days after birth.
Granulomas may be formed on the posterior pharyngeal wall. Granulocytosis and occasionally mononucleosis are present. Pleural and pericardial effusions may develop. This type of listeriosis is observed most often in patients with carcinoma or debilitating disease, and its development may have been facilitated by adrenal steroid therapy. Diagnosis. The diagnosis rests on the isolation of the micro-organism or rising agglutinin titers in the serum. urine, or upper respiratory tract. Treatment. Listeria monocytogenes is susceptible- in vitro to
• sulfonamides, penicillin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, Novo-biotin, and occasionally streptomycin. Listeria meningitis has a fatality rate of 70 percent in untreated patients. Listeriosis must be regarded as a contagious disease of animals; prevention of human infection would require the elimination of animal reservoirs.
Gray, M. L., and Killinger, A. H.: Listeria monocytogenes and is-enteric infections. Back. Rev., 30:309, 1966. Hoeprich, P. D.: Infections due to Listeria monocytogenes. Medi-cine, 37:143, 1958. Seeliger, H. P. R.: Listeriosis. New York, Hafner Publishing Company., 1961.
Microbial Disease erysipeloid of Rosenbach Leighton e. Cluff
Erysipeloid of Rosenbach is a specific infectious disease attributable to Erysipelothrix Thuzio-pathia. It occurs in man following contact with infected animals or animal products, particularly swine, cattle, sheep, fish, birds, dogs, horses, reindeer, rabbits, mink, rats, and mice. The dis-ease in man, therefore, usually arises in abattoir employees, butchers, kitchen workers, those handling fish, those handling animal hides and pelts, and those working with bone or bone meal.
Most infections in human beings can be related to skin injury. The causative micro-organism is a gram-positive bacillus, non-spore-forming, that can be grown aerobically or anaerobically on nutrient broth containing 1 percent glucose or upon blood agar. It produces death in laboratory animals, particularly mice, causing focal abscesses in the liver or cutaneous cellulitis.