Influenza, Enteric Fevers, and Various Causes of Acute Pneumonia
Influenza, enteric fevers, and various causes of acute pneumonia, among them klebsiella, staphylococcal, tularemic, and viral infections of the lung. Treatment. P. In view of the ease and uni-form success of early therapy, delay in diagnosis and administration of chemotherapy is a grave error in clinical judgment. Pneumonic plague is uniformly fatal and becomes difficult to treat after the twelfth to the fifteenth hour of fever, bubonic plague is generally less severe, but may progress to death with equal swiftness. Early studies with sulfonamides revealed that mortality from bubonic plague could be reduced to 5 to 20 percent by the administration of sulfa-diazine or sulfamerazine at' the rate of 12 grams daily for four to seven days.
Supportive care ‘includes the use of intravenous fluid therapy, pressor ‘drugs Influenza to support failing peripheral circulation, and oxygen therapy when the respiratory function has been compromised by widespread pneumonitis. Tracheostomy frequently results in improved pulmonary function and facilitates the care of patients severely ill with primary respiratory disease. Prevention. Improvement in living standards is usually associated with the spontaneous disappearance of this disease or at least its confinement to sylvatic foci.
Influenza In such circumstances, three general approaches to plague control are available. A least effective method in most endemic regions, primarily because human living standards cannot be sufficiently improved rodenticides in common use include sodium fluoro-acetate (1080), arsenic trioxide, red squill, alpha-naphthylthiourea (antu), and anticoagulants such as warfarin. The residual effect of 10 percent DDT dust or 5 percent spray dispersed around rat habitations and human dwellings are sufficient to reduce sharply the flea populations and thus eliminate large numbers of vectors.
Baltazar, m.: decline et dentin dune Maladie infectious: la petite. Bull. Who 22:241, 1960. Mccrumb, f. R., jr. Et al.: chloramphenicol and Terramycin in the treatment of pneumonic plague. Amer. J. Med., 14:284, 1953. Meyer, k. F.: recent studies on the immunity response to administration of different plague vaccines. Bull. Who, 9:619, 1953. Politzer, r.: plague. Geneva, world health organization monograph series no. 22, 1954.
Tularemia Theodore e. Woodward
definition. Most cases of tularemia are characterized by the formation of 3. Focal ulcer at the site of entry of the causative bacillus, enlargement of regional lymph nodes, and a constitutional-re-action of fever, prostration, myalgia, and headache. There may be pneumonia, which is occasionally accompanied by pleurisy or a typhoidal-like ill-ness. . Francisella tularensis, the microbial agent, is transmitted to humans by insect vectors such as ticks or .deer flies, by the handling or ingestion of infected animal tissues, or by inhalation of infected aerosols. ‘the clinical diagnosis is confirmed by demonstration of bacteremia, by isolation of the bacillus from the sputum, tissue exudates, or gastric washings, and by the demonstration of serum agglutinins in early convalescence.
Historical features. The knowledge of ecology and clinical features of tularemia has been developed in the united states through the pioneering work of Francis and other public health